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Imaging-based beam steering for free-space optical communication

References. View by:. Article Order. Year. Author. Publication. K. Anbarasi, C. Hemanth, and R. G. Sangeetha, “A review on channel models in free space optical communication systems,” Opt. Laser Technol. 97, 161–171 (2017). [Crossref] . M. A. Khalighi and M. Uysal, “Survey on free space optical communication: a communication theory perspective,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials 16, 2231–2258 (2014). [Crossref] . Y. Kaymak, R. Rojas-Cessa, J. Feng, N. Ansari, M. Zhou, and T. Zhang, “A survey on acquisition, tracking, and pointing mechanisms for mobile free-space optical communications,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials 20, 1104–1123 (2018). [Crossref] . I. K. Son and S. Mao, “A survey of free space optical networks,” Digit. Commun. Networks 3, 67–77 (2017). [Crossref] . M. Toyoshima and H. Takenaka, and Y. Takayama, “Non-mechanical compact optical transceiver for optical wireless communications,” in Advanced Trends in Wireless Communications (2011), pp. 339–350. . G. Cossu, R. Corsini, A. M. Khalid, and E. Ciaramella, “Bi-directional 400  Mbit/s LED-based optical wireless communication for non-directed line-of-sight transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC) (2014), pp. 1–3. . A. Desai and S. Milner, “Autonomous reconfiguration in free-space optical sensor networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1556–1563 (2005). [Crossref] . B. Edwards, “Overview of the laser communications relay demonstration project,” in SpaceOps Conference (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2012). . B. Moision, B. Erkmen, E. Keyes, T. Belt, O. Bowen, D. Brinkley, P. Csonka, M. Eglington, A. Kazmierski, N.-h. Kim, J. Moody, T. Tu, and W. Vermeer, “Demonstration of free-space optical communication for long-range data links between balloons on Project Loon,” Proc. SPIE 10096, 100960Z (2017). [Crossref] . R. Nalbandian, “Enhanced pointing Gimbal mechanisms for next generation communication antennas,” in 15th European Space Mechanisms and Tribology Symposium (2013). . R. W. Kingsbury, T. Nguyen, K. Riesing, and K. Cahoy, “Fast-steering solutions for cubesat-scale optical communications,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 105630G (2017). [Crossref] . K. Wang, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, K. Alameh, and E. Skafidas, “Full-duplex gigabit indoor optical wireless communication system with CAP modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 790–793 (2016). [Crossref] . A. Gomez, C. Quintana, G. Faulkner, and D. O’Brien, “Point-to-multipoint holographic beamsteering techniques for indoor optical wireless communications,” Proc. SPIE 9772, 97720Q (2016). [Crossref] . A. Gomez, K. Shi, C. Quintana, M. Sato, G. Faulkner, B. C. Thomsen, and D. O’Brien, “Beyond 100-Gb/s indoor wide field-of-view optical wireless communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 367–370 (2015). [Crossref] . H. Kaushal and G. Kaddoum, “Optical communication in space: challenges and mitigation techniques,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials 19, 57–96 (2017). [Crossref] . B. Winker, M. Mahajan, and M. Hunwardsen, “Liquid crystal beam directors for airborne free-space optical communications,” in IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings (IEEE Cat. No. 04TH8720) (2004), Vol. 1703, pp. 1–1709. . X. Wang, B. Wang, J. Pouch, F. Miranda, M. Fisch, J. E. Anderson, V. Sergan, and P. J. Bos, “Liquid crystal on silicon (LCOS) wavefront corrector and beam steerer,” Proc. SPIE 5162, 139–147 (2003). [Crossref] . T. Koonen, “Indoor optical wireless systems: technology, trends, and applications,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 36, 1459–1467 (2018). [Crossref] . K. Sayyah, O. Efimov, P. Patterson, J. Schaffner, C. White, J.-F. Seurin, G. Xu, and A. Miglo, “Two-dimensional pseudo-random optical phased array based on tandem optical injection locking of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 23, 19405–19416 (2015). [Crossref] . J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, A. Yaacobi, E. S. Hosseini, and M. R. Watts, “Large-scale nanophotonic phased array,” Nature 493, 195–199 (2013). [Crossref] . H. Abediasl and H. Hashemi, “Monolithic optical phased-array transceiver in a standard SOI CMOS process,” Opt. Express 23, 6509–6519 (2015). [Crossref] . F. Aflatouni, B. Abiri, A. Rekhi, and A. Hajimiri, “Nanophotonic projection system,” Opt. Express 23, 21012–21022 (2015). [Crossref] . R. Fatemi, A. Khachaturian, and A. Hajimiri, “A low power PWM optical phased array transmitter with 16° field-of-view and 0.8° beamwidth,” in IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits Symposium (RFIC) (2018), 28–31. . D. N. Hutchison, J. Sun, J. K. Doylend, R. Kumar, J. Heck, W. Kim, C. T. Phare, A. Feshali, and H. Rong, “High-resolution aliasing-free optical beam steering,” Optica 3, 887–890 (2016). [Crossref] . R. C. Short, M. A. Cosgrove, D. L. Clark, and P. J. Oleski, “Performance of a demonstration system for simultaneous laser beacon tracking and low-data-rate optical communications with multiple platforms,” Proc. SPIE 1417, 464–476 (1991). [Crossref] . F. Parand, G. Faulkner, and D. O’Brien, “Cellular tracked optical wireless demonstration link,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 150, 490–496 (2003). [Crossref] . M. Toyoshima, N. Miyashita, Y. Takayama, H. Kunimori, and S. Kimura, “System analysis of non-mechanical compact optical transceiver for wireless communications with a VCSEL array,” in 6th International Symposium on Communication Systems, Networks, and Digital Signal Processing (CNSDSP) (IEEE, 2008), 187–190. . A. M. Khalid, M. T. Vega, K. A. Mekonen, Z. Cao, A. Liotta, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Real time 10  Gb-ethernet transmission over 2D indoor passive beam steered optical wireless system based on high port arrayed waveguide gratings,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3. . A. M. Khalid, P. Baltus, A. R. Dommele, K. A. Mekonnen, Z. Cao, C. W. Oh, M. K. Matters, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Bi-directional 35-Gbit/s 2D beam steered optical wireless downlink and 5-Gbit/s localized 60-GHz communication uplink for hybrid indoor wireless systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Th1E.6. . T. Koonen, A. Khalid, J. Oh, F. Gomez-Agis, and E. Tangdiongga, “High-capacity optical wireless communication using two-dimensional IR beam steering,” in Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (OECC) and Photonics Global Conference (PGC) (2017), pp. 1–4. . T. Koonen, F. Gomez-Agis, F. Huijskens, K. A. Mekonnen, Z. Cao, and E. Tangdiongga, “High-capacity optical wireless communication using two-dimensional IR beam steering,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 36, 4486–4493 (2018). [Crossref] . L. C. Andrews and R. L. Phillips, Laser Beam Propagation through Random Media (SPIE, 2005), Vol. 152. . D. C. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, K. Jim, E. B. Zyambo, D. J. Edwards, M. Whitehead, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, and M. J. Sibley, “High-speed integrated transceivers for optical wireless,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(3), 58–62 (2003). [Crossref] . C. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, M. Bergmann, B. Kögel, C. Neumeyr, and M.-C. Amann, “400-Gb/s PDM-4PAM WDM system using a monolithic 2 × 4 VCSEL array and coherent detection,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 33, 670–677 (2015). [Crossref] . S. Maetaki, “Optical system and optical apparatus including the optical system,” U.S. patent8,427,762B2 (23April2013). . M. Yuksel, J. Akella, S. Kalyanaraman, and P. Dutta, “Free-space-optical mobile ad hoc networks: auto-configurable building blocks,” Wireless Networks 15, 295–312 (2009). [Crossref] . R. Michalzik, VCSELs: Fundamentals, Technology and Applications of Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers, Vol. 166 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer, 2012). . 2018 (3). Y. Kaymak, R. Rojas-Cessa, J. Feng, N. Ansari, M. Zhou, and T. Zhang, “A survey on acquisition, tracking, and pointing mechanisms for mobile free-space optical communications,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials 20, 1104–1123 (2018). [Crossref] T. Koonen, “Indoor optical wireless systems: technology, trends, and applications,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 36, 1459–1467 (2018). [Crossref] T. Koonen, F. Gomez-Agis, F. Huijskens, K. A. Mekonnen, Z. Cao, and E. Tangdiongga, “High-capacity optical wireless communication using two-dimensional IR beam steering,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 36, 4486–4493 (2018). [Crossref] 2017 (5). H. Kaushal and G. Kaddoum, “Optical communication in space: challenges and mitigation techniques,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials 19, 57–96 (2017). [Crossref] I. K. Son and S. Mao, “A survey of free space optical networks,” Digit. Commun. Networks 3, 67–77 (2017). [Crossref] K. Anbarasi, C. Hemanth, and R. G. Sangeetha, “A review on channel models in free space optical communication systems,” Opt. Laser Technol. 97, 161–171 (2017). [Crossref] B. Moision, B. Erkmen, E. Keyes, T. Belt, O. Bowen, D. Brinkley, P. Csonka, M. Eglington, A. Kazmierski, N.-h. Kim, J. Moody, T. Tu, and W. Vermeer, “Demonstration of free-space optical communication for long-range data links between balloons on Project Loon,” Proc. SPIE 10096, 100960Z (2017). [Crossref] R. W. Kingsbury, T. Nguyen, K. Riesing, and K. Cahoy, “Fast-steering solutions for cubesat-scale optical communications,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 105630G (2017). [Crossref] 2016 (3). K. Wang, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, K. Alameh, and E. Skafidas, “Full-duplex gigabit indoor optical wireless communication system with CAP modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 790–793 (2016). [Crossref] A. Gomez, C. Quintana, G. Faulkner, and D. O’Brien, “Point-to-multipoint holographic beamsteering techniques for indoor optical wireless communications,” Proc. SPIE 9772, 97720Q (2016). [Crossref] D. N. Hutchison, J. Sun, J. K. Doylend, R. Kumar, J. Heck, W. Kim, C. T. Phare, A. Feshali, and H. Rong, “High-resolution aliasing-free optical beam steering,” Optica 3, 887–890 (2016). [Crossref] 2015 (5). H. Abediasl and H. Hashemi, “Monolithic optical phased-array transceiver in a standard SOI CMOS process,” Opt. Express 23, 6509–6519 (2015). [Crossref] F. Aflatouni, B. Abiri, A. Rekhi, and A. Hajimiri, “Nanophotonic projection system,” Opt. Express 23, 21012–21022 (2015). [Crossref] K. Sayyah, O. Efimov, P. Patterson, J. Schaffner, C. White, J.-F. Seurin, G. Xu, and A. Miglo, “Two-dimensional pseudo-random optical phased array based on tandem optical injection locking of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 23, 19405–19416 (2015). [Crossref] A. Gomez, K. Shi, C. Quintana, M. Sato, G. Faulkner, B. C. Thomsen, and D. O’Brien, “Beyond 100-Gb/s indoor wide field-of-view optical wireless communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 27, 367–370 (2015). [Crossref] C. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, M. Bergmann, B. Kögel, C. Neumeyr, and M.-C. Amann, “400-Gb/s PDM-4PAM WDM system using a monolithic 2 × 4 VCSEL array and coherent detection,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 33, 670–677 (2015). [Crossref] 2014 (1). M. A. Khalighi and M. Uysal, “Survey on free space optical communication: a communication theory perspective,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials 16, 2231–2258 (2014). [Crossref] 2013 (1). J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, A. Yaacobi, E. S. Hosseini, and M. R. Watts, “Large-scale nanophotonic phased array,” Nature 493, 195–199 (2013). [Crossref] 2009 (1). M. Yuksel, J. Akella, S. Kalyanaraman, and P. Dutta, “Free-space-optical mobile ad hoc networks: auto-configurable building blocks,” Wireless Networks 15, 295–312 (2009). [Crossref] 2005 (1). A. Desai and S. Milner, “Autonomous reconfiguration in free-space optical sensor networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1556–1563 (2005). [Crossref] 2003 (3). X. Wang, B. Wang, J. Pouch, F. Miranda, M. Fisch, J. E. Anderson, V. Sergan, and P. J. Bos, “Liquid crystal on silicon (LCOS) wavefront corrector and beam steerer,” Proc. SPIE 5162, 139–147 (2003). [Crossref] D. C. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, K. Jim, E. B. Zyambo, D. J. Edwards, M. Whitehead, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, and M. J. Sibley, “High-speed integrated transceivers for optical wireless,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(3), 58–62 (2003). [Crossref] F. Parand, G. Faulkner, and D. O’Brien, “Cellular tracked optical wireless demonstration link,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 150, 490–496 (2003). [Crossref] 1991 (1). R. C. Short, M. A. Cosgrove, D. L. Clark, and P. J. Oleski, “Performance of a demonstration system for simultaneous laser beacon tracking and low-data-rate optical communications with multiple platforms,” Proc. SPIE 1417, 464–476 (1991). [Crossref] Abediasl, H.. H. Abediasl and H. Hashemi, “Monolithic optical phased-array transceiver in a standard SOI CMOS process,” Opt. Express 23, 6509–6519 (2015). [Crossref] Abiri, B.. F. Aflatouni, B. Abiri, A. Rekhi, and A. Hajimiri, “Nanophotonic projection system,” Opt. Express 23, 21012–21022 (2015). [Crossref] Aflatouni, F.. F. Aflatouni, B. Abiri, A. Rekhi, and A. Hajimiri, “Nanophotonic projection system,” Opt. Express 23, 21012–21022 (2015). [Crossref] Akella, J.. M. Yuksel, J. Akella, S. Kalyanaraman, and P. Dutta, “Free-space-optical mobile ad hoc networks: auto-configurable building blocks,” Wireless Networks 15, 295–312 (2009). [Crossref] Alameh, K.. K. Wang, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, K. Alameh, and E. Skafidas, “Full-duplex gigabit indoor optical wireless communication system with CAP modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 28, 790–793 (2016). [Crossref] Amann, M.-C.. C. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, M. Bergmann, B. Kögel, C. Neumeyr, and M.-C. Amann, “400-Gb/s PDM-4PAM WDM system using a monolithic 2 × 4 VCSEL array and coherent detection,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 33, 670–677 (2015). [Crossref] Anbarasi, K.. K. Anbarasi, C. Hemanth, and R. G. Sangeetha, “A review on channel models in free space optical communication systems,” Opt. Laser Technol. 97, 161–171 (2017). [Crossref] Anderson, J. E.. X. Wang, B. Wang, J. Pouch, F. Miranda, M. Fisch, J. E. Anderson, V. Sergan, and P. J. Bos, “Liquid crystal on silicon (LCOS) wavefront corrector and beam steerer,” Proc. SPIE 5162, 139–147 (2003). [Crossref] Andrews, L. C.. L. C. Andrews and R. L. Phillips, Laser Beam Propagation through Random Media (SPIE, 2005), Vol. 152. Ansari, N.. Y. Kaymak, R. Rojas-Cessa, J. Feng, N. Ansari, M. Zhou, and T. Zhang, “A survey on acquisition, tracking, and pointing mechanisms for mobile free-space optical communications,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials 20, 1104–1123 (2018). [Crossref] Baltus, P.. A. M. Khalid, P. Baltus, A. R. Dommele, K. A. Mekonnen, Z. Cao, C. W. Oh, M. K. Matters, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Bi-directional 35-Gbit/s 2D beam steered optical wireless downlink and 5-Gbit/s localized 60-GHz communication uplink for hybrid indoor wireless systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Th1E.6. Bellon, J.. D. C. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, K. Jim, E. B. Zyambo, D. J. Edwards, M. Whitehead, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, and M. J. Sibley, “High-speed integrated transceivers for optical wireless,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(3), 58–62 (2003). [Crossref] Belt, T.. B. Moision, B. Erkmen, E. Keyes, T. Belt, O. Bowen, D. Brinkley, P. Csonka, M. Eglington, A. Kazmierski, N.-h. Kim, J. Moody, T. Tu, and W. Vermeer, “Demonstration of free-space optical communication for long-range data links between balloons on Project Loon,” Proc. SPIE 10096, 100960Z (2017). [Crossref] Bergmann, M.. C. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, M. Bergmann, B. Kögel, C. Neumeyr, and M.-C. Amann, “400-Gb/s PDM-4PAM WDM system using a monolithic 2 × 4 VCSEL array and coherent detection,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 33, 670–677 (2015). [Crossref] Bos, P. J.. X. Wang, B. Wang, J. Pouch, F. Miranda, M. Fisch, J. E. Anderson, V. Sergan, and P. J. Bos, “Liquid crystal on silicon (LCOS) wavefront corrector and beam steerer,” Proc. SPIE 5162, 139–147 (2003). [Crossref] Bowen, O.. B. Moision, B. Erkmen, E. Keyes, T. Belt, O. Bowen, D. Brinkley, P. Csonka, M. Eglington, A. Kazmierski, N.-h. Kim, J. Moody, T. Tu, and W. Vermeer, “Demonstration of free-space optical communication for long-range data links between balloons on Project Loon,” Proc. SPIE 10096, 100960Z (2017). [Crossref] Brinkley, D.. B. Moision, B. Erkmen, E. Keyes, T. Belt, O. Bowen, D. Brinkley, P. Csonka, M. Eglington, A. Kazmierski, N.-h. Kim, J. Moody, T. Tu, and W. Vermeer, “Demonstration of free-space optical communication for long-range data links between balloons on Project Loon,” Proc. SPIE 10096, 100960Z (2017). [Crossref] Cahoy, K.. R. W. Kingsbury, T. Nguyen, K. Riesing, and K. Cahoy, “Fast-steering solutions for cubesat-scale optical communications,” Proc. SPIE 10563, 105630G (2017). [Crossref] Cao, Z.. T. Koonen, F. Gomez-Agis, F. Huijskens, K. A. Mekonnen, Z. Cao, and E. Tangdiongga, “High-capacity optical wireless communication using two-dimensional IR beam steering,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 36, 4486–4493 (2018). [Crossref] A. M. Khalid, P. Baltus, A. R. Dommele, K. A. Mekonnen, Z. Cao, C. W. Oh, M. K. Matters, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Bi-directional 35-Gbit/s 2D beam steered optical wireless downlink and 5-Gbit/s localized 60-GHz communication uplink for hybrid indoor wireless systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Th1E.6. A. M. Khalid, M. T. Vega, K. A. Mekonen, Z. Cao, A. Liotta, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Real time 10  Gb-ethernet transmission over 2D indoor passive beam steered optical wireless system based on high port arrayed waveguide gratings,” in 42nd European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2016), pp. 1–3. Ciaramella, E.. G. Cossu, R. Corsini, A. M. Khalid, and E. Ciaramella, “Bi-directional 400  Mbit/s LED-based optical wireless communication for non-directed line-of-sight transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC) (2014), pp. 1–3. Clark, D. L.. R. C. Short, M. A. Cosgrove, D. L. Clark, and P. J. Oleski, “Performance of a demonstration system for simultaneous laser beacon tracking and low-data-rate optical communications with multiple platforms,” Proc. SPIE 1417, 464–476 (1991). [Crossref] Corsini, R.. G. Cossu, R. Corsini, A. M. Khalid, and E. Ciaramella, “Bi-directional 400  Mbit/s LED-based optical wireless communication for non-directed line-of-sight transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC) (2014), pp. 1–3. Cosgrove, M. A.. R. C. Short, M. A. Cosgrove, D. L. Clark, and P. J. Oleski, “Performance of a demonstration system for simultaneous laser beacon tracking and low-data-rate optical communications with multiple platforms,” Proc. SPIE 1417, 464–476 (1991). [Crossref] Cossu, G.. G. Cossu, R. Corsini, A. M. Khalid, and E. Ciaramella, “Bi-directional 400  Mbit/s LED-based optical wireless communication for non-directed line-of-sight transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exposition (OFC) (2014), pp. 1–3. Csonka, P.. B. Moision, B. Erkmen, E. Keyes, T. Belt, O. Bowen, D. Brinkley, P. Csonka, M. Eglington, A. Kazmierski, N.-h. Kim, J. Moody, T. Tu, and W. Vermeer, “Demonstration of free-space optical communication for long-range data links between balloons on Project Loon,” Proc. SPIE 10096, 100960Z (2017). [Crossref] Desai, A.. A. Desai and S. Milner, “Autonomous reconfiguration in free-space optical sensor networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1556–1563 (2005). [Crossref] Dommele, A. R.. A. M. Khalid, P. Baltus, A. R. Dommele, K. A. Mekonnen, Z. Cao, C. W. Oh, M. K. Matters, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Bi-directional 35-Gbit/s 2D beam steered optical wireless downlink and 5-Gbit/s localized 60-GHz communication uplink for hybrid indoor wireless systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper Th1E.6. Dong, P.. C. Xie, S. Spiga, P. Dong, P. Winzer, M. Bergmann, B. Kögel, C. Neumeyr, and M.-C. Amann, “400-Gb/s PDM-4PAM WDM system using a monolithic 2 × 4 VCSEL array and coherent detection,” J. Lightwave. Technol. 33, 670–677 (2015). [Crossref] Doylend, J. K.. D. N. Hutchison, J. Sun, J. K. Doylend, R. Kumar, J. Heck, W. Kim, C. T. Phare, A. Feshali, and H. Rong, “High-resolution aliasing-free optical beam steering,” Optica 3, 887–890 (2016). [Crossref] Dutta, P.. M. Yuksel, J. Akella, S. Kalyanaraman, and P. Dutta, “Free-space-optical mobile ad hoc networks: auto-configurable building blocks,” Wireless Networks 15, 295–312 (2009). [Crossref] Edwards, B.. B. Edwards, “Overview of the laser communications relay demonstration project,” in SpaceOps Conference (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2012). Edwards, D. J.. D. C. O’Brien, G. E. Faulkner, K. Jim, E. B. Zyambo, D. J. Edwards, M. Whitehead, P. Stavrinou, G. Parry, J. Bellon, and M. J. Sibley, “High-speed integrated transceivers for optical wireless,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(3), 58–62 (2003). [Crossref] Efimov, O.. K. Sayyah, O. Efimov, P. Patterson, J. Schaffner, C. White, J.-F. Seurin, G. Xu, and A. Miglo, “Two-dimensional pseudo-random optical phased array based on tandem optical injection locking of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 23, 19405–19416 (2015). [Crossref] Eglington, M.. B. Moision, B. Erkmen, E. Keyes, T. Belt, O. Bowen, D. Brinkley, P. Csonka, M. Eglington, A. Kazmierski, N.-h. Kim, J. Moody, T. Tu, and W. Vermeer, “Demonstration of free-space optical communication for long-range data links between balloons on Project Loon,” Proc. SPIE 10096, 100960Z (2017). [Crossref] Erkmen, B.. B. Moision, B. Erkmen, E. Keyes, T. Belt, O. Bowen, D. Brinkley, P. Csonka, M. Eglington, A. Kazmierski, N.-h. Kim, J. Moody, T. Tu, and W. Vermeer, “Demonstration of free-space optical communication for long-range data links between balloons on Project Loon,” Proc. SPIE 10096, 100960Z (2017). [Crossref] Fatemi, R.. R. Fatemi, A. Khachaturian, and A. 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