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来源机构: Optics Express
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发布日期: Feb 11, 2019
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Control of Kerr-microresonator optical frequency comb by a dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder interferometer

References. View by:. Article Order. Year. Author. Publication. P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450, 1214–1217 (2007). [Crossref] . T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams, “Microresonator-based optical frequency combs,” Science 332, 555–559 (2011). [Crossref] [PubMed] . T. J. Kippenberg, A. L. Gaeta, M. Lipson, and M. L. Gorodetsky, “Dissipative kerr solitons in optical microresonators,” Science 361, eaan8083 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] . T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014). [Crossref] . W. Liang, D. Eliyahu, V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7957 (2015). [Crossref] . X. Yi, Q.-F. Yang, K. Y. Yang, M.-G. Suh, and K. Vahala, “Soliton frequency comb at microwave rates in a high-Q silica microresonator,” Optica 2, 1078–1085 (2015). [Crossref] . V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Photonic chip–based optical frequency comb using soliton cherenkov radiation,” Science 351, 357–360 (2016). [Crossref] [PubMed] . C. Joshi, J. K. Jang, K. Luke, X. Ji, S. A. Miller, A. Klenner, Y. Okawachi, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Thermally controlled comb generation and soliton modelocking in microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2565–2568 (2016). [Crossref] [PubMed] . K. E. Webb, M. Erkintalo, S. Coen, and S. G. Murdoch, “Experimental observation of coherent cavity soliton frequency combs in silica microspheres,” Opt. Lett. 41, 4613–4616 (2016). [Crossref] [PubMed] . Z. Gong, A. Bruch, M. Shen, X. Guo, H. Jung, L. Fan, X. Liu, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Li, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “High-fidelity cavity soliton generation in crystalline AlN micro-ring resonators,” Opt. Lett. 43, 4366–4369 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] . P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberger, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017). [Crossref] [PubMed] . P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] . M.-G. Suh and K. J. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science 359, 884–887 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] . D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M.-G. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] . B. J. M. Hausmann, I. Bulu, V. Venkataraman, P. Deotare, and M. Lončar, “Diamond nonlinear photonics,” Nat. Photonics 8, 369–374 (2014). [Crossref] . M. Pu, L. Ottaviano, E. Semenova, and K. Yvind, “Efficient frequency comb generation in AlGaAs-on-insulator,” Optica 3, 823–826 (2016). [Crossref] . H. Guo, M. Karpov, E. Lucas, A. Kordts, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, V. Brasch, G. Lihachev, V. E. Lobanov, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal dynamics and deterministic switching of dissipative Kerr solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Phys. 13, 94–102 (2017). [Crossref] . T. C. Briles, J. R. Stone, T. E. Drake, D. T. Spencer, C. Frederick, Q. Li, D. A. Westly, B. R. Illic, K. Srinivasan, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Kerr-microresonator solitons for accurate carrier-envelope-frequency stabilization,” arXiv:1711.06251 (2017). . T. C. Briles, J. R. Stone, T. E. Drake, D. T. Spencer, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, K. Srinivasan, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Interlocking Kerr-microresonator frequency combs for microwave to optical synthesis,” Opt. Lett. 43, 2933–2936 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] . J. R. Stone, T. C. Briles, T. E. Drake, D. T. Spencer, D. R. Carlson, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Thermal and nonlinear dissipative-soliton dynamics in Kerr-microresonator frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 063902 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] . R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000). [Crossref] [PubMed] . D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000). [Crossref] [PubMed] . C. Bao, Y. Xuan, C. Wang, J. A. Jaramillo-Villegas, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Soliton repetition rate in a silicon-nitride microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 42, 759–762 (2017). [Crossref] [PubMed] . X. Ji, F. A. S. Barbosa, S. P. Roberts, A. Dutt, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Bryant, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Ultra-low-loss on-chip resonators with sub-milliwatt parametric oscillation threshold,” Optica 4, 619–624 (2017). [Crossref] . M. H. P. Pfeiffer, J. Liu, A. S. Raja, T. Morais, B. Ghadiani, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Ultra-smooth silicon nitride waveguides based on the Damascene reflow process: fabrication and loss origins,” Optica 5, 884–892 (2018). [Crossref] . B. Stern, X. Ji, Y. Okawachi, A. L Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Battery-operated integrated frequency comb generator,” Nature 562, 401–405 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] . J. Liu, A. S. Raja, M. Karpov, B. Ghadiani, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, B. Du, N. J. Engelsen, H. Guo, M. Zervas, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Ultralow-power chip-based soliton microcombs for photonic integration,” Optica 5, 1347–1353 (2018). [Crossref] . K. Jung and J. Kim, “All-fibre photonic signal generator for attosecond timing and ultralow-noise microwave,” Sci. Rep. 5, 16250 (2015). [Crossref] [PubMed] . D. Kwon, C.-G. Jeon, J. Shin, M.-S. Heo, S. E. Park, Y. Song, and J. Kim, “Reference-free, high-resolution measurement method of timing jitter spectra of optical frequency combs,” Sci. Rep. 7, 40917 (2017). [Crossref] [PubMed] . N. Kuse and M. E. Fermann, “Electro-optic comb based real time ultra-high sensitivity phase noise measurement system for high frequency microwaves,” Sci. Rep. 7, 2847 (2017). [Crossref] [PubMed] . N. Kuse and M. E. Fermann, “A photonic frequency discriminator based on a two wavelength delayed self-heterodyne interferometer for low phase noise tunable micro/mm wave synthesis,” Sci. Rep. 8, 13719 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] . N. Kuse, J. Jiang, C.-C. Lee, T. R. Schibli, and M. Fermann, “All polarization-maintaining Er fiber-based optical frequency combs with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 24, 3095–3102 (2016). [Crossref] [PubMed] . M. Karpov, H. Guo, A. Kordts, V. Brasch, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, M. Zervas, M. Geiselmann, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Raman self-frequency shift of dissipative Kerr solitons in an optical microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 103902 (2016). [Crossref] [PubMed] . G. Danion, L. Frein, D. Bacquet, G. Pillet, S. Molin, L. Morvan, G. Ducournau, M. Vallet, P. Szriftgiser, and M. Alouini, “Mode-hopping suppression in long Brillouin fiber laser with non-resonant pumping,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2362–2365 (2016). [Crossref] [PubMed] . T. Nagatsuma, G. Ducournau, and C. C. Renaud, “Advances in terahertz communications accelerated by photonics,” Nat. Photonics 10, 371–379 (2016). [Crossref] . H. Lee, M.-G. Suh, T. Chen, J. Li, S. A. Diddams, and K. J. Vahala, “Spiral resonators for on-chip laser frequency stabilization,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2468 (2013). [Crossref] [PubMed] . Z. L. Newman, V. Maurice, T. E. Drake, J. R. Stone, T. C. Briles, D. T. Spencer, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, B. Shen, M.-G. Suh, K. Y. Yang, C. Johnson, D. M. S. Johnson, L. Hollberg, K. Vahala, K. Srinivasan, S. A. Diddams, J. Kitching, S. B. Papp, and M. T. Hummon, “Photonic integration of an optical atomic clock,” arXiv:1811.00616 (2018). . S. B. Papp, K. Beha, P. Del’Haye, F. Quinlan, H. Lee, K. J. Vahala, and S. A. Diddams, “Microresonator frequency comb optical clock,” Optica 1, 10–14 (2014). [Crossref] . M. T. Hummon, S. Kang, D. G. Bopp, Q. Li, D. A. Westly, S. Kim, C. Fredrick, S. A. Diddams, K. Srinivasan, V. Aksyuk, and J. E. Kitching, “Photonic chip for laser stabilization to an atomic vapor with 10−11 instability,” Optica 5, 443–449 (2018). [Crossref] . X. Yi, Q.-F. Yang, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Active capture and stabilization of temporal solitons in microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2037–2040 (2016). [Crossref] [PubMed] . T. Komljenovic, M. Davenport, J. Hulme, A. Y. Liu, C. T. Santis, A. Spott, S. Srinivasan, E. J. Stanton, C. Zhang, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneous silicon photonic integrated circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 20–35 (2016). [Crossref] . 2018 (12). T. J. Kippenberg, A. L. Gaeta, M. Lipson, and M. L. Gorodetsky, “Dissipative kerr solitons in optical microresonators,” Science 361, eaan8083 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] P. Trocha, M. Karpov, D. Ganin, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, A. Kordts, S. Wolf, J. Krockenberger, P. Marin-Palomo, C. Weimann, S. Randel, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Ultrafast optical ranging using microresonator soliton frequency combs,” Science 359, 887–891 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] M.-G. Suh and K. J. Vahala, “Soliton microcomb range measurement,” Science 359, 884–887 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] D. T. Spencer, T. Drake, T. C. Briles, J. Stone, L. C. Sinclair, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, A. Bluestone, N. Volet, T. Komljenovic, L. Chang, S. H. Lee, D. Y. Oh, M.-G. Suh, K. Y. Yang, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, T. J. Kippenberg, E. Norberg, L. Theogarajan, K. Vahala, N. R. Newbury, K. Srinivasan, J. E. Bowers, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “An optical-frequency synthesizer using integrated photonics,” Nature 557, 81–85 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] J. R. Stone, T. C. Briles, T. E. Drake, D. T. Spencer, D. R. Carlson, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Thermal and nonlinear dissipative-soliton dynamics in Kerr-microresonator frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 063902 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] B. Stern, X. Ji, Y. Okawachi, A. L Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Battery-operated integrated frequency comb generator,” Nature 562, 401–405 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] N. Kuse and M. E. Fermann, “A photonic frequency discriminator based on a two wavelength delayed self-heterodyne interferometer for low phase noise tunable micro/mm wave synthesis,” Sci. Rep. 8, 13719 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] M. T. Hummon, S. Kang, D. G. Bopp, Q. Li, D. A. Westly, S. Kim, C. Fredrick, S. A. Diddams, K. Srinivasan, V. Aksyuk, and J. E. Kitching, “Photonic chip for laser stabilization to an atomic vapor with 10−11 instability,” Optica 5, 443–449 (2018). [Crossref] T. C. Briles, J. R. Stone, T. E. Drake, D. T. Spencer, C. Fredrick, Q. Li, D. Westly, B. R. Ilic, K. Srinivasan, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Interlocking Kerr-microresonator frequency combs for microwave to optical synthesis,” Opt. Lett. 43, 2933–2936 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] M. H. P. Pfeiffer, J. Liu, A. S. Raja, T. Morais, B. Ghadiani, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Ultra-smooth silicon nitride waveguides based on the Damascene reflow process: fabrication and loss origins,” Optica 5, 884–892 (2018). [Crossref] Z. Gong, A. Bruch, M. Shen, X. Guo, H. Jung, L. Fan, X. Liu, L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Li, J. Yan, and H. X. Tang, “High-fidelity cavity soliton generation in crystalline AlN micro-ring resonators,” Opt. Lett. 43, 4366–4369 (2018). [Crossref] [PubMed] J. Liu, A. S. Raja, M. Karpov, B. Ghadiani, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, B. Du, N. J. Engelsen, H. Guo, M. Zervas, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Ultralow-power chip-based soliton microcombs for photonic integration,” Optica 5, 1347–1353 (2018). [Crossref] 2017 (6). C. Bao, Y. Xuan, C. Wang, J. A. Jaramillo-Villegas, D. E. Leaird, M. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Soliton repetition rate in a silicon-nitride microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 42, 759–762 (2017). [Crossref] [PubMed] X. Ji, F. A. S. Barbosa, S. P. Roberts, A. Dutt, J. Cardenas, Y. Okawachi, A. Bryant, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Ultra-low-loss on-chip resonators with sub-milliwatt parametric oscillation threshold,” Optica 4, 619–624 (2017). [Crossref] D. Kwon, C.-G. Jeon, J. Shin, M.-S. Heo, S. E. Park, Y. Song, and J. Kim, “Reference-free, high-resolution measurement method of timing jitter spectra of optical frequency combs,” Sci. Rep. 7, 40917 (2017). [Crossref] [PubMed] N. Kuse and M. E. Fermann, “Electro-optic comb based real time ultra-high sensitivity phase noise measurement system for high frequency microwaves,” Sci. Rep. 7, 2847 (2017). [Crossref] [PubMed] P. Marin-Palomo, J. N. Kemal, M. Karpov, A. Kordts, J. Pfeifle, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, P. Trocha, S. Wolf, V. Brasch, M. H. Anderson, R. Rosenberger, K. Vijayan, W. Freude, T. J. Kippenberg, and C. Koos, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nature 546, 274–279 (2017). [Crossref] [PubMed] H. Guo, M. Karpov, E. Lucas, A. Kordts, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, V. Brasch, G. Lihachev, V. E. Lobanov, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal dynamics and deterministic switching of dissipative Kerr solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Phys. 13, 94–102 (2017). [Crossref] 2016 (10). V. Brasch, M. Geiselmann, T. Herr, G. Lihachev, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Photonic chip–based optical frequency comb using soliton cherenkov radiation,” Science 351, 357–360 (2016). [Crossref] [PubMed] T. Nagatsuma, G. Ducournau, and C. C. Renaud, “Advances in terahertz communications accelerated by photonics,” Nat. Photonics 10, 371–379 (2016). [Crossref] N. Kuse, J. Jiang, C.-C. Lee, T. R. Schibli, and M. Fermann, “All polarization-maintaining Er fiber-based optical frequency combs with nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 24, 3095–3102 (2016). [Crossref] [PubMed] X. Yi, Q.-F. Yang, K. Y. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Active capture and stabilization of temporal solitons in microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2037–2040 (2016). [Crossref] [PubMed] G. Danion, L. Frein, D. Bacquet, G. Pillet, S. Molin, L. Morvan, G. Ducournau, M. Vallet, P. Szriftgiser, and M. Alouini, “Mode-hopping suppression in long Brillouin fiber laser with non-resonant pumping,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2362–2365 (2016). [Crossref] [PubMed] C. Joshi, J. K. Jang, K. Luke, X. Ji, S. A. Miller, A. Klenner, Y. Okawachi, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Thermally controlled comb generation and soliton modelocking in microresonators,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2565–2568 (2016). [Crossref] [PubMed] M. Pu, L. Ottaviano, E. Semenova, and K. Yvind, “Efficient frequency comb generation in AlGaAs-on-insulator,” Optica 3, 823–826 (2016). [Crossref] K. E. Webb, M. Erkintalo, S. Coen, and S. G. Murdoch, “Experimental observation of coherent cavity soliton frequency combs in silica microspheres,” Opt. Lett. 41, 4613–4616 (2016). [Crossref] [PubMed] M. Karpov, H. Guo, A. Kordts, V. Brasch, M. H. P. Pfeiffer, M. Zervas, M. Geiselmann, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Raman self-frequency shift of dissipative Kerr solitons in an optical microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 103902 (2016). [Crossref] [PubMed] T. Komljenovic, M. Davenport, J. Hulme, A. Y. Liu, C. T. Santis, A. Spott, S. Srinivasan, E. J. Stanton, C. Zhang, and J. E. Bowers, “Heterogeneous silicon photonic integrated circuits,” J. Light. Technol. 34, 20–35 (2016). [Crossref] 2015 (3). W. Liang, D. Eliyahu, V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Microresonator-based solitons for massively parallel coherent optical communications,” Nat. Commun. 6, 7957 (2015). [Crossref] K. Jung and J. Kim, “All-fibre photonic signal generator for attosecond timing and ultralow-noise microwave,” Sci. Rep. 5, 16250 (2015). [Crossref] [PubMed] X. Yi, Q.-F. Yang, K. Y. Yang, M.-G. Suh, and K. Vahala, “Soliton frequency comb at microwave rates in a high-Q silica microresonator,” Optica 2, 1078–1085 (2015). [Crossref] 2014 (3). B. J. M. Hausmann, I. Bulu, V. Venkataraman, P. Deotare, and M. Lončar, “Diamond nonlinear photonics,” Nat. Photonics 8, 369–374 (2014). [Crossref] T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Temporal solitons in optical microresonators,” Nat. Photonics 8, 145–152 (2014). [Crossref] S. B. Papp, K. Beha, P. Del’Haye, F. Quinlan, H. Lee, K. J. Vahala, and S. A. Diddams, “Microresonator frequency comb optical clock,” Optica 1, 10–14 (2014). [Crossref] 2013 (1). H. Lee, M.-G. Suh, T. Chen, J. Li, S. A. Diddams, and K. J. Vahala, “Spiral resonators for on-chip laser frequency stabilization,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2468 (2013). [Crossref] [PubMed] 2011 (1). T. J. Kippenberg, R. Holzwarth, and S. A. Diddams, “Microresonator-based optical frequency combs,” Science 332, 555–559 (2011). [Crossref] [PubMed] 2007 (1). P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450, 1214–1217 (2007). [Crossref] 2000 (2). R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, “Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264–2267 (2000). [Crossref] [PubMed] D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000). [Crossref] [PubMed] Aksyuk, V.. M. T. Hummon, S. Kang, D. G. Bopp, Q. Li, D. A. Westly, S. Kim, C. Fredrick, S. A. Diddams, K. Srinivasan, V. Aksyuk, and J. E. Kitching, “Photonic chip for laser stabilization to an atomic vapor with 10−11 instability,” Optica 5, 443–449 (2018). [Crossref] Alouini, M.. G. Danion, L. Frein, D. Bacquet, G. Pillet, S. Molin, L. Morvan, G. Ducournau, M. Vallet, P. Szriftgiser, and M. 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